Install an antivirus scanner for your web server.

sudo apt install clamav clamav-daemon clamdscan

After installing, the clamav-freshclam service will download initial definitions. After a minute or so you can startup the main service:

sudo systemctl start clamav-daemon.service

The main socket is located at /var/run/clamav/clamd.ctl

Manual AV Scan

Invoke a manual scan:

sudo clamdscan --fdpass --multiscan /var/www/nextcloud

This will take a very long time to run, and use absolutely all of your CPU resources. Be careful.

Automated web server scan

A script to periodically scan the data directory:


monit unmonitor "$(hostname)"
clamdscan --infected --fdpass --multiscan --no-summary --move=/var/cache/clamdjail /var/www/nextcloud/data/
monit monitor "$(hostname)"

Note that infected files are automatically moved to /var/cache/clamdjail for quarantine. This script also disables the monitoring alert for the host to prevent annoying "high CPU" alerts while the scan is underway.

Example output:

/var/www/server/upload/totally_legit_file: Win.Trojan.Agent-6566022-0 FOUND
/var/www/server/upload/totally_legit_file: moved to '/var/cache/clamdjail/kmspico.tar.gz.d1518823493'

A crontab to automate the scan script, for example, scan the whole system once per week on wednesday:


0 2 * * 3   root    /opt/

Realtime Malware Scanner

Install utilities to find changed files:

sudo apt install inotify-tools

By default, most distros limit the number of inotify watches that can run at once. Check this and update if necessary.

sudo sysctl fs.inotify.max_user_watches=524288

A script to watch new files for malware:


inotifywait -m /var/www/nextcloud/data -e create  |
    while read directory action file; do
        clamdscan --fdpass --multiscan --move="$JAIL" $file

incron can also be used for this.