Debian Software Updates
These are a couple useful tricks for updating a Debain (or derivative) system's packages, firmware, software, and more.
Fwupd is a neat tool to help manage device firmware. It usually comes installed by default if you select a desktop environment from tasksel.
First, check if you have devices that support fwupd:
Check for updates:
fwupdmgr refresh fwupdmgr get-updates
If there are no devices on your system that have supported firmware, the package can be removed safely.
Useful for changelogs and finding missing programs/libraries:
sudo apt install apt-listchanges
This gives a more useful changelog view when updating:
linux (5.10.113-1) bullseye-security; urgency=high * New upstream stable update: https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v5.x/ChangeLog-5.10.107 - Revert "xfrm: state and policy should fail if XFRMA_IF_ID 0" (Closes: #1008299) - xfrm: Check if_id in xfrm_migrate - xfrm: Fix xfrm migrate issues when address family changes ...
This will also be mailed to root after a software update.
I wouldn't recommend setting this up on a cluster of several servers, as you will get annoying duplicate emails. This is best used on 'pet' machines like personal laptops or home servers.
Useful for checking critical bugs on the Debian tracking system before installation. It is helpful to check if an update is safe before executing the package updates.
sudo apt install apt-listbugs reportbug
$ apt-listbugs list thunderbird Retrieving bug reports... Done Parsing Found/Fixed information... Done grave bugs of thunderbird (→ ) <Forwarded> b1 - #1014745 - thunderbird: Using "Reply All" is sometimes removing all Cc recipients Summary: thunderbird(1 bug)
This will automatically kick in when performing an
apt upgrade operation.
Install it using apt:
sudo apt install -y apt-file
Once installed, update the index:
sudo apt-file update
apt-file helps find appropriate packages for a given file name. For example:
$ apt-file search /bin/netstat net-tools: /bin/netstat netstat-nat: /usr/bin/netstat-nat
Install and setup flatpak:
sudo apt install flatpak sudo flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo
Show enabled repos:
flatpak search foobar
sudo flatpak install foobar
Checking for updates
sudo apt update apt list --upgradable
Dry run mode
apt upgrade -s > update_log.txt
Apply all updates
sudo apt upgrade -y
Checking for pending restart
List the services that need
sudo needrestart -q -r l
Remove unneeded packages
sudo apt autoremove sudo apt autoclean sudo apt clean
Cleanup an install to remove un-needed packages:
When using tasksel, lots of "baggage" will come along. I like to clean it up a little.
sudo apt remove gnome-games gnome-software gnome-software-common